The Employment Gender Gap in Urban China: Why Women Benefited Less from China’s Privatization Reforms

Published on: 2015-05-04

SHARE THIS:

JENQ, Christina
JENQ, Christina, a post-doctoral researcher with HKUST IEMS and HKUST Jockey Club Institute for Advanced Study, inspects the role of 1990’s era reforms to urban Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) on the widening gender imbalance in urban employment, with males accounting for a significantly larger share of urban employment than females.
Watch Dr Jenq explain the key takeaways from the Brief
View full brief (PDF)

Based on rigorous econometric analysis, Dr. Jenq postulates that 30-50% of the gender imbalance amongst the urban employed can be assigned to gender-asymmetric industry-level privatization, with the remaining 50-70% attributable to gender differences in labor supply, both on a qualitative and qualitative level. Dr. Jenq cautions against quota-based employment policies aimed at reducing the employment gender gap (as there was scant evidence of gender discrimination found in her analysis), and instead recommends increases in both skill training programs as well as childcare and education benefits to allow more urban women the opportunity to enter the labor force.

Related Content

[Bio] Christina Jenq

[IEMS Academic Seminar] Ownership-Specific Human Capital and the Employment Gender Gap in Urban China by Christina Jenq

[IEMS Media Coverage] Elderly Chinese Women Fare Worse than Men in China – IEMS’ Albert Park Describes his Massive Survey to Asian Scientist News

[IEMS Media Coverage] HKUST, Peking University and University of Southern California Researchers Conduct Massive China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study Revealing Adult Women Fare Worse than Men

More Thought Leadership Briefs

Photo credit: Chinese Workers Performing Quality Assurance by Robert Scoble, CC BY 2.0, http://j.mp/1cr486G

 

Tags: , , ,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *