University-Industry Linkages in Indonesia and Vietnam: A Comparative Perspective

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Erik Baark

Indonesia and Vietnam have experienced economic growth in recent years that has led these two countries to be considered important second tier emerging markets. However, weak technological infrastructure and low productivity in most sectors of the economy is still a major barrier to future development for both countries. The challenge of mobilizing R&D in universities and research organizations, and linking them with potential users of technological innovation in industry, forms the background o the current project. The overall aim of the research will be to provide an exploratory survey of the institutional framework for university-industry linkages in the two countries, and - in a comparative perspective - to examine how policies to promote these linkages have shaped such interactions. Data will be collected through selective interviews with policy makers and academic staff, and analyzed with reference to factors characterizing the innovation systems in Indonesia and Vietnam.

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