Straw Burning, PM2.5 and Death: Evidence from China

HKUST IEMS Thought Leadership Brief No. 51


Guojun He, Tong Liu, Maigeng Zhou

Agricultural straw burning significantly increases air pollution and cardiorespiratory mortality. A 10 µg/m3 increase in PM₂.₅ increases monthly mortality by 3.25%. Middle-aged and old people are particularly vulnerable to straw-burning pollution. Subsidizing straw recycling can bring about significant health benefits.

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He, Guojun, Tong Liu, and Maigeng Zhou. "Straw burning, PM2. 5, and death: evidence from China." Journal of Development Economics 

This project is supported by HKUST IEMS Research Grants.  

About the authors

Guojun He is an assistant professor appointed jointly at the Division of Social Science, Division of Environment and Sustainability, and Department of Economics at The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is also a faculty associate of HKUST IEMS. 

Tong Liu is a Research Assistant Professor in the Division of Social Science and concurrently appointed as a Junior Fellow of the Jockey Club Institute for Advanced Study at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. 

Maigeng Zhou is a professor and the deputy director of the National Center for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. He is also an affiliate professor at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington.


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