The One-belt, One-road initiative aspires to promote economic cooperation and market integration by connecting Asian, European, and African countries. It brings parties with potentially conflicting positions, interests, and priorities together. Conflict is not uncommon in interpersonal and business exchanges. Depending on how it is managed, conflict can become constructive or destructive. There are cross cultural differences in conflict management practices; however, existing studies tend to focus on East Asian (mainly Chinese and Japanese) and Western (mainly American) cultures. No known research has examined conflict management practices in most Belt and Road regions. Given the increasing interconnectedness among these countries, understanding how conflict is managed and unveiling cross cultural similarities and differences in conflict management practices is imperative. The current study aims to address this issue through conducting large scale survey studies in these unexplored regions in the literature.
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